The Aging Population Trend in the United States

The growth of the population age 65 and over affects many aspects of our society, challenging policymakers, families, businesses, and health care providers, among others, to meet the needs of aging individuals.

  • In 2008, 39 million people age      65 and over lived in the United States, accounting for 13 percent of the      total population. The older population grew from 3 million in 1900 to 39      million in 2008. The oldest-old population (those age 85 and over) grew      from just over 100,000 in 1900 to 5.7 million in 2008.
  • The baby boomers (those born      between 1946 and 1964) will start turning 65 in 2011, and the number of      older people will increase dramatically during the 2010–2030 period. The      older population in 2030 is projected to be twice as large as their      counterparts in 2000, growing from 35 million to 72 million and      representing nearly 20 percent of the total U.S. population.
  • The growth rate of the older      population is projected to slow after 2030, when the last Baby Boomers      enter the ranks of the older population. From 2030 onward, the proportion      age 65 and over will be relatively stable, at around 20 percent, even      though the absolute number of people age 65 and over is projected to      continue to grow. The oldest-old population is projected to grow rapidly      after 2030, when the Baby Boomers move into this age group.
  • The U.S. Census Bureau projects      that the population age 85 and over could grow from 5.7 million in 2008 to      19 million by 2050. Some researchers predict that death rates at older      ages will decline more rapidly than is reflected in the U.S. Census      Bureau’s projections, which could lead to faster growth of this population      (

Facts and Figures about Caregiving

  • Nearly 25% of the U. S. households (22 million) are caregivers.
  • Almost three-fourth of caregivers are women.
  • The typical caregiver is a 46-year old employed woman who spends 18 hours a week for her parents who live within a short drive.
  • Almost 40% of caregivers are caring for under-age children.
  • Caregiving cost U. S. employers $29 million annually in lost productivity (($3,142) per employee.
  • Approximately 4.1 million caregiving households are involved in “intense” caregiving or 40+hoursper week. (National Alliance for Caregiving (1997).

Caregiving For A Person With Alzheimer’s/Dementia

  • An estimated 25-29% of caregivers age 50 or older provide care for individuals with memory problem.
  • In 2008, an estimated 9.9 million caregivers providing 8.5 billion hours of care of $94 Billion dollars.
  • 1%of children 8 to 18 years old provide unpaid care for someone.
  • About 57% of caregivers provide care to a person with Alzheimer’s disease who is their parent or parent-in-law (57%), grandparent (11%), or spouse (6%).
  • 10% of family caregivers are doing long distance caregiving (Alzheimer’s Association, 2009).

When Do You Need A Caregiver?

  • If you are ill and cannot get around the house to bath, cook, drive or do grocery shopping.
  • Post-Hospitalization
  • Temporary illness
  • Respite Care
  • Dementia/Alzheimer’s Care
  • Companionship

Hiring A Caregiver?

Questions For The Caregiver


  • Years of experience in caregiving
  • Ask about personal and work background (for example, tell me about yourself).
  • Level of comfort in caring for your loved one
  • Availability and Flexibility

Questions for the Company


  • Company background (years in business).
  • Screening process of the caregiver (criminal background check, references, and interviewing process).
  • Turnaround time to fill a case.
  • Availability of the office staff in emergency
  • Affordability/Cost
  • Request to meet and interview the caregiver prior to placement.
  • Client present prior or past references (minimum 3).

Client’s Checklist for the Agency

  1. 1.      Does the agency you hired do a home visit at least once a month?     Yes       No
  2. 2.      Is the visit a prescheduled or unannounced?                                              Yes      No
  3. 3.      Do you have access to the office staff during and after hours?               Yes      No
  4. 4.      Is there a care plan for you in place at the home?                                       Yes     No
  5. 5.      Is your complaint resolved within 24-48 hours?                                            Yes     No
  6. 6.      Is the agency flexible to accommodate your needs?                                   Yes     No
  7. 7.      Are you satisfied with the caregiver’s work habit?                                          Yes      No
  8. 8.      Are you satisfied with the office staff communication?                                          Yes    No
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